Privity of Contract and Third Party Rights - Report 2008


Endnotes

Bibliography

Legislation

Canada:

Civil Code of Quebec, S.Q. 1991, c.64, ss. 1440-1452.

Law Reform Act 1993, S.N.B. 1993, c. L-1.2, s.4(1).

Other Jurisdictions:

Contracts (Privity) Act 1982, 1982 No. 32 (NZ).

Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, U.K. 1999, c.31 (UK).

Contracts (Right of Third Parties) Act 2001, No. 39/2001 Cap 53 B (SG).

Draft Contract Law (Privity of Contract and Third Party Rights) Bill 2008 (IE).

Northern Territory Law of Property Act of 2000, No. 2 of 2000, s.56 (AUS).

Principles of International Commercial Contracts 2004, chapter 5 (UNIDROIT).

Queensland Property Law Act of 1974, No. 76 of 1974, s.55 (AUS).

Western Australian Property Law Act of 1969, No. 32 of 1969, s.11(2) (AUS).

Case Law

Canada:

BDC Ltd. v. Hofstrand Farms Ltd., [1986] 1 S.C.R. 228.

Bow Valley Husky (Bermuda) Ltd. v. Saint John Shipbuilding Ltd., [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1210.

Cadbury Schweppes Inc. v. FBI Foods Ltd., [1999] 1 S.C.R. 142.

Canadian General Electric Co. v. Pickford & Black Ltd., [1971] S.C.R. 41.

Canadian National Railway Co. v. Norsk Pacific Steamship Co., [1992] 1 S.C.R. 1021.

City of Kamloops v. Nielsen, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 2.

Commonwealth Construction Co. v. Imperial Oil Ltd., [1978] 1 S.C.R. 317.

Crystalline Investment Ltd. v. Domgroup Ltd., [2004] 1 S.C.R. 60.

Design Services Ltd. v. Canada, [2006] F.C.J. No. 1141 (C.A.).

Double N Earthmovers Ltd. v. Edmonton (City), [2007] 1 S.C.R. 116.

Dryburgh v. Oak Bay Marina (1992) Ltd., [2000] F.C.J. No. 1314 (T.D.), [2001] F.C.J. No. 1002 (T.D.).

Edgeworth Construction Ltd. v. N.D. Lea & Associates Ltd., [1993] 3 S.C.R. 206.

Fraser River Pile & Dredge Ltd. v. Can-Dive Services Ltd., [1999] 3 S.C.R. 108.

Friedmann Equity Developments Inc. v. Final Note Ltd., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 842.

Frontenac Institution Inmate Committee v. Canada (Correctional Services), [2004] F.C.J. No. 703 (C.A.).

General Motors Products of Canada Ltd. v. Kravitz, [1979] 1 S.C.R. 790.

Goulet v. Transamerica Life Insurance Co. Of Canada, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 719.

Greenwood Shopping Plaza v. Beattie, [1980] 2 S.C.R. 228.

International Airport Industrial Park Ltd. v. Tanenbaum, [1977] 2 S.C.R. 326.

ITO- International Terminal Operators v. Miida Electronics Inc., [1986] 1 S.C.R. 752.

Ivanhoe Inc. v. United Food and Commercial Workers, Local 50, [2001] 2 S.C.R. 565.

King v. Shuniah Financial Services Ltd., [2006] F.C.J. No. 799 (C.A.).

London Drugs Ltd. v. Kuehne & Nagel International Ltd., [1992] 3 S.C.R. 299.

Martel Building Ltd. v. Canada, [2000] 2 S.C.R. 860.

National Trust Co. v. Mead, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 410.

Oldfield v. Transamerica Life Insurance Co. of Canada, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 742.

Scott v. Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co., [1989] 1 S.C.R. 1445.

Secunda Marine Services Ltd. v. Fabco Industries Ltd., [2005] F.C.J. No. 1918 (C.A.).

Vandepitte v. Preferred Accident Insurance Corporation of New York, [1933] A.C. 70 (P.C.).

Winnipeg Condominium Corporation No. 36 v. Bird Construction Co., [1995] 1 S.C.R. 85.

Alberta

375069 Alberta Ltd. v. 400411 Alberta Ltd., [2000] A.J. No. 71 (Q.B.).

804977 Alberta Ltd. v. Lowrie, [2003] A.J. No. 343 (Q.B.).

Anchor Fence Inc. v. Polaris Realty Corp., [1994] A.J. No. 482 (Q.B.).

Azevedo v. Markel Insurance Co. of Canada, [1998] A.J. No. 1134 (Q.B.).

Canadian Southern Petroleum Ltd. v. Amoco Canada Petroleum Co., [2001] A.J. No. 1222 (Q.B.).

Condominium Corp. No. 9813678 v. Statesman Corp., [2006] A.J. No. 1578 (Q.B.).

Daishowa-Marubeni International Ltd. v. Toshiba International Corp., [2000] A.J. No. 1453 (Q.B.), rev’d [2003] A.J. No. 1189 (C.A.).

Fenrich v. Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co., [2004] A.J. No. 458 (Q.B.).

Fenrich v. Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co., [2005] A.J. No.788 (C.A.).

Liquor Depot at Riverbend Square Ltd. v. Time for Wine Ltd., [1997] A.J. No. 660 (Q.B.).

Man-Shield (Alta.) Construction Inc. v. 1117398 Alberta Ltd., [2007] A.J. No. 1117 (Q.B.).

Maple Reinders Inc. v. Eagle Sheet Metal Inc., [2006] A.J. No 202 (Q.B.).

Parwinn Developments Ltd. v. 375069 Alberta Ltd., [2000] A.J. No. 68 (Q.B.).

Q.Q.R. Mechanical Contracting Ltd. v. Panther Controls Ltd., [2005] A.J. No. 80 (Q.B.).

Welltec APS v. Precision Drilling Corp., [2004] A.J. No. 178 (Q.B.).

British Columbia

B.P.B. v. M.M.B., [2006] B.C.J. No. 1734 (S.C.).

British Columbia v. R.B.O. Architecture Inc., [1995] B.C.J. No. 587(S.C.).

British Columbia (Workers’ Compensation Board) v. Neale Staniszkis Doll Adams Architects, [2004] B.C.J. No. 2636 (S.C.).

Callahan Construction Co. v. National Bank, [2005] B.C.J. No. 2752 (S.C.).

Cheong v. Futama, [2002] B.C.J. No. 2214 (S.C.).

Deleeuw v. Deleeuw, [2003] B.C.J. No. 2284 (S.C.).

Hansen v. Overwaitea Foods Ltd., [2003] B.C.J. No. 3018 (Prov.Ct.).

Kitimat (District) v. Alcan Inc., [2005] B.C.J. No. 58 (S.C.).

Kitimat (District) v. Alcan Inc., [2006] B.C.J. No. 376 (C.A.).

Knight v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., [2005] B.C.J. No. 216 (S.C.).

Laing Property Corporation v. All Seasons Display Inc., [1998] B.C.J. No. 255 (S.C.).

Lee Men International Enterprises Co. v. Siegle Properties BC Ltd., [2007] B.C.J. No. 1685 (S.C.).

London Drugs Ltd. v. Truscan Realty Ltd., [1988] B.C.J. No. 28 (S.C.), [1988] B.C.J. No. 1366 (S.C.).

North King Lodge Ltd. v. Gowlland Towing Ltd., [2004] B.C.J. No. 677 (S.C.), aff’d [2005] B.C.J. No. 2485 (C.A.).

Orange Julius Canada Ltd. v. Surrey (City), [2000] B.C.J. No. 1655 (C.A.).

RDA Film Distribution Inc. v. British Columbia Trade Development Corporation, [1999] B.C.J. No. 1516 (S.C.), aff’d [2000] B.C.J. No. 2550 (C.A.).

Salmon Arm Pharmacy Ltd. v. R.P. Johnson Construction Ltd., [1994] B.C.J. No. 1266 (C.A).

Sunshine Valley Developments Ltd. v. Hendrichs, [2006] B.C.J. No. 624 (S.C.).

Sylvan Industries Ltd. v. Fairview Sheet Metal Works Ltd., [1994] B.C.J. No. 468 (C.A.).

Thunder Mountain Drilling Ltd. v. Denmar Equipment Rentals Ltd., [1993] B.C.J. No. 2263 (S.C.).

Valmet Paper Machinery Inc. v. Hapag-Lloyd AG Inc., [2002] B.C.J. No. 1271 (S.C.).

Manitoba

Manitoba (Hydro Electric Board) v. John Englis Co., [1999] M.J. No. 506 (C.A.).

Seven Oaks School Division No. 10 v. GBR Architects Ltd., [2002] M.J. No. 512 (Q.B.).

New Brunswick

Beaulieu v. Day & Ross Inc., [2005] N.B.J. No. 77 (C.A.).

Manderville v. Goodfellow’s Trucking Ltd., [1999] N.B.J. No. 75 (C.A.).

Nova Scotia

Centennial Realities Ltd. V. Westburn Industrial Enterprises Ltd., [1978] N.S.J. No. 697 (S.C.T.D.).

MacNeil v. Fero Waste and Recycling Inc., [2002] N.S.J. No. 166 (S.C.), aff’d [2003] N.S.J. No. 95 (C.A.).

Trans Canada Credit Corporation Ltd. v. Royal Insurance Co. Of Canada, [1983] N.S.J. No. 440 (S.C.A.).

Newfoundland

Blagdon v. Pender, [2004] N.J. No. 228 (Nfld. Prov. Ct.).

Ontario

Caputo v. Imperial Tobacco Ltd., [2004] O.J. No. 299 (S.C.J.).

Chambers v. HSBC Securities (Canada) Ltd., [2003] O.J. No. 3470 (S.C.J.).

C.T.R.E.F. Investments Ltd. V. H.G.O. Real Estate Ltd., [1993] O.J. No. 1194 (Gen.Div.).

Downtown Pontiac Buick (1983) Ltd. v. Marshall, [2007] O.J. No. 4352 (S.C.J.).

Geiger v. 803577 Ontario Ltd. (c.o.b. Exerspa, Zure Son Holdings Ltd.),[2000] O.J. 111 (S.C.J.).

Haldane Products Inc. v. United Parcel Service Canada Ltd., [1999] O.J. No. 2851 (S.C.J.).

Harlon Canada Inc. v. Lang Investment Corp., [2008] O.J. No. 1279 (S.C.J.).

Higgins Estate v. Security One Alarm Systems Ltd., [2001] O.J. No. 2447 (S.C.J.).

Johns-Manville Canada Inc. v. John Carlo Ltd., [1980] O.J. No. 3080 (S.C.).

Logozzo v. Toronto-Dominion Bank, [1999] O.J. No. 4088 (C.A.).

Madison Developments Limited v. Plan Electric Co., [1997] O.J. No. 4249 (C.A.).

Mann-Tattersall (Litigation Guardian of) v. Hamilton (City), [2000] O.J. No. 5058 (S.C.J.).

Marden Mechanical Ltd. West-Con Developments Inc., [2007] O.J. No. 1018 (S.C.J.).

Marshall v. Artree Developments Inc., [2006] O.J. No. 1633 (S.C.J.).

Parlette v. Sokkia Inc., [2006] O.J. No. 4085 (S.C.J.).

Resh v. Canadian Tire Corp., [2006] O.J. No. 1505 (S.C.J.).

Solway v. Davis Moving & Storage Inc., [2001] O.J. No. 5049 (S.C.J.), [2002] O.J. No. 4760 (C.A.).

Stelco Inc. (Re), [2006] O.J. No. 3219 (S.C.J.), aff’d [2007] O.J. No. 2533 (C.A.).

Tony and Jim’s Holdings Ltd. v. Silva, [1999] O.J. No. 705 (C.A.).

Vandewal v. Vandewal, [2002] O.J. No. 393 (S.C.J.), aff’d. [2003] O.J. No. 3269 (C.A.).

Waterloo (City) v. Wolfraim, [2006] O.J. No. 3147 (S.C.J.).

Prince Edward Island

Keoughan v. Holland, [1948] 1 D.L.R. 605 (P.E.I.S.C.).

Saskatchewan

Chisum Log Homes & Lumber Ltd. v. Investment Saskatchewan Inc., [2007] S.J. No. 551 (Q.B.).

Hawman v. Regina Exhibition Assn. Ltd., [1999] S.J. No. 700 (Q.B.).

Marble (Litigation Guardian of) v. Saskatchewan, [2003] S.J. No. 479 (Q.B.).

Naber Seed & Grain Co. v. Prairie Pulse Inc., [2007] S.J. No. 261 (Q.B.).

Peace Hills Trust Co. v. Saulteaux First nation, [2005] S.J. No. 663 (Q.B.).

Other Jurisdictions:

Albacruz v. Albazero, [1977] A.C. 774 (H.L.) (UK).

Alder v. Dickson, [1955] 1 Q.B. 158 (C.A.) (UK).

Alfred McAlpine Construction Ltd. v. Panatown Ltd., [1998] E.W.J. No. 132 (C.A.) (UK).

Alfred McAlpine Construction Ltd. v. Panatown Ltd., [2001] 1 A.C. 518 (H.L.) (UK).

Anns v. Merton London Borough Council, [1978] A.C. 728 (UK).

Beswick v. Beswick, [1968] A.C. 58 (H.L.) (UK).

Coulls v. Bagot’s Executors and Trustees Co. Ltd. (1967), 119 C.L.R. 430 (H.C.) (AUS).

Currie v. Misa (1875), 10 L.R.Exch 153 (Ex.) (UK).

Darlington Borough Council v. Wiltshier Northern Ltd., [1995] 1 W.L.R. 68 (C.A.) (UK).

Donoghue v. Stevenson, [1932] A.C. 562 (UK).

Dunlop v. Lambert (1839), 7 E.R. 824 (H.L.) (UK).

Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Co. Ltd. v. Selfridge & Co. Ltd., [1915] A.C. 847 (H.L.) (UK).

Hedley-Byrne & Co. v. Heller & Partners Ltd., [1964] A.C. 465 (UK).

Jackson v. Horizon Holidays Ltd., [1975] 1 W.L.R. 1468 (C.A.) (UK).

Junior Books Ltd. v. Veitchi Co. Ltd., [1983] 1 A.C. 520 (UK).

Linden Gardens Trust Ltd. v. Lenesta Sludge Disposals Ltd., [1994] 1 A.C. 85 (H.L.) (UK).

Midland Silicones Ltd. v. Scruttons Ltd., [1962] A.C. 446 (H.L.) (UK).

New Zealand Shipping Co. v. A.M. Satterthwaite & Co. Ltd., [1975] A.C. 154 (P.C.) (NZ).

Nisshin Shipping Co. Ltd. v. Cleaves & Co. Ltd., [2003] E.W.H.C. 2602 (Comm.) (UK).

Ross v. Caunters, [1980] Ch. 297 (UK).

Shanklin Pier Ltd. v. Detel Products Ltd., [1951] 2 K.B. 854 (K.B.) (UK).

St. Martin’s Property Corp. Ltd. v. Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd., [1994] 1 A.C. 85 (H.L.) (UK).

Trident General Insurance Co. Ltd. v. McNeice Bros. Pty. Ltd. (1988), 165 C.L.R. 107 (H.C.) (AUS).

Tweddle v. Atkinson (1861), 121 E.R. 762 (Q.B.) (UK).

Woodar Investment Development Ltd. V. Wimpey Construction UK Ltd., [1980] 1 W.L.R. 277 (H.L.) (UK).

White v. Jones, [1995] 2 A.C. 207 (UK).

Literature

Canada, Articles:

Martin Boodman, “Third-Party Beneficiaries in Quebec Civil Law” (2001) 35 C.B.L.J. 216.

Jason Brock, “A “Principled” Exception to Privity of Contract: Fraser River Pile & Dredge Ltd. v. Can-Dive Services Ltd.” (2000) 58 U.T.Fac.L.Rev. 53.

Craig R. Carter, “Assignments of Contracts, Novation, and Privity” in Paul M. Perrel & Sidney H. Troister,  Law Society of Upper Canada Special Lectures 2002: Real Property Law: Conquering the Complexities (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2003).

Robert E. Forbes, “Practical Approaches to Privity of Contract Problems” (2002) 37 Can. Bus. L.J. 357.

John D. McCamus, “Loosening the Privity Fetters: Should Common Law Canada Recognize Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties?” (2001) 35 C.B.L.J. 173.

Andrew Morrison, “When Voluntary is Not Really Voluntary: Contractual Aspects of Voluntary Codes” (1997) 3 Appeal 34.

Donalee Moulton, “Privity laws need reform: Report” (2004) 24:5 The Lawyers Wkly.

Shannon K. O’Byrne, “More Promises to Keep: The Expansion of Contractual Liability Since 1921" (1996) 35 Alta.L.Rev.165.

M.H. Ogilvie, “Privity of Contract in the Supreme Court of Canada: Fare Thee Well or Welcome Back?” [2002] J.B.L. 163.

Rino A. Stradiotto, “Tort Law in Canada” (1988) 7:4 Advocates’ Soc. J. 9.

Leon E. Trakman and Jason Trainor, “The Rights and Responsibilities of Auditors to Third Parties: A Call for a Principled Approach” (2005) 31 Queen’s L.J. 148.

Michael Trebilcock, “The Doctrine of Privity of Contract: Judicial Activism in the Supreme Court of Canada” (2007) 57 U.T.L.J. 269.

Stephen Waddams, “Modern Notions of Commercial Reality and Justice: Justice Iacobucci and Contract Law” (2007) 57 U.T.L.J. 331.

Stephen Waddams, “Breaches of Contracts and Claims by Third Parties” in Jason W. Neyers, Erika Chamberlain & Stephen G.A. Pitel, eds., Emerging Issues in Tort Law (Oxford: Hart, 2007).

Canada, Books:

Bruce Feldthusen, Economic Negligence: The Recovery of Pure Economic Loss, 4th ed. (Toronto: Carswell, 2000).

G.H.L. Fridman, The Law of Contract in Canada, 5th ed. (Toronto: Thomson Carswell, 2006).

John D. McCamus, The Law of Contracts (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2005).

John Swan, Canadian Contract Law, 1st ed. (Markham: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2006).

S.M. Waddams, The Law of Contracts, 5th ed. (Toronto: Canada Law Book, 2005).

S.M. Waddams, et al., Cases and Materials on Contracts, 3d ed. (Toronto: E. Montgomery Publications, 2005).

Other Jurisdictions, Articles:

John N. Adams, Deryck Beyleveld & Roger Brownsword, “Privity of Contract - the Benefits and Burdens of Law Reform” (1997) 60:2 Mod. L. Rev. 238 (UK).

John N. Adams & Roger Brownsword, “Privity of Contract and the Idea of a Network Contract” (1990) 10 L.S. 12 (UK).

Neil Andrews, “Strangers to Justice No Longer: The Reversal of the Privity Rule Under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999" (2001) 60(2) C.L.J. 353 (UK).

Andrew Burrows, “The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 and its implications for commercial contracts” [2000] L.M.C.L.Q. 540 (UK).

Michael Bridge, “The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act” (2001) 5 Edin. L.R. 85 (UK).

Malcolm Clarke, “Blind Eye Privity and Bad Faith in Insurance Claims” (2001) 60(2) C.L.J. 242 (UK).

Meryll Dean, “Removing a Blot on the Landscape- The Reform of the Doctrine of Privity” [2000] J.B.L 143 (UK).

A. Diamond, “The Third Man: The 1999 Act Sets Back Separability?” (2001) 17 Arb. Int’l 211 (UK).

M. Doherty and R. Fletcher, “Reform of the Privity Rule: Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999" (2001) 35 Law Teacher 91 (UK).

Rizvan Khawar, “Reinsurance and Privity in the Past, Present and Future: Privity of Contract in Reinsurance and the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999" (2002) 77 Tul. L. Rev. 495 (UK).

Peter Kincaid, “Privity Reform in England” (2000) 116 L.Q.R. 43 (UK).

M.S. Korotana, “Privity of Contract and the Law of Agency: A Sub-Agent’s Accountability to the Principal” 2002 Bus. L.R. 73 (UK).

Catherine MacMillan, “A Birthday Present for Lord Denning: The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999" (2000) 63 Mod.L.Rev. 721 (UK).

Yeo Tiong Min, “When do Third Party Rights Arise Under the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 (UK)” (2001) 13 S.Ac.L.J. 34 (SG).

Michael O’Meara, “From Elder Dempster to London Drugs: The Saga of Vicarious Immunity” (2005) 21 J.C.L. 131 (UK).

Stephen A. Smith, “Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties: in Defence of the Third-Party Rule” (1997) 17 Oxford J. Legal Stud. 643 (UK).

Robert Stevens, “The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999” (2004) 120 L.Q.R. 292 (UK).

I.B. Stewart, “Why Place Trust in a Promise? Privity of Contract and Enforcement of Contracts by Third Party Beneficiaries” (1999) 73 Austl. L.J. 354. (AUS)

W. Swain, “Third Party Beneficiaries in English Law: From Dutton v. Poole to Tweddle v. Atkinson” in Eltjo J.H. Schrage, ed., Ius quaesitum tertio (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 2008) (UK).

Tony Vlasto and Julian Clark, “The Effect of the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 on Voyage and Time Charter Parties” (2000-2001) 25 Tul. Mar. L.J. 519 (UK).

Other Jurisdictions, Books:

American Law Institute, Restatement of the Law of Contracts 2d (St. Paul: American Law Institute, 1981).

John. G. Fleming, The Law of Torts, 9th ed. (North Ryde, N.S.W.: LBC Information Services, 1998) (AUS).

James Gordley, Foundations of Private Law: Property, Tort, Contract, Unjust Enrichment (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) (UK).

William Lucy, The Philosophy of Private Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) (UK).

Claire McIvor, Third Party Liability in Tort (Oxford: Hart, 2006) (UK).

Jason W. Neyers, Erika Chamberlain & Stephen G.A. Pitel, eds., Emerging Issues in Tort Law (Oxford: Hart, 2007) (UK).

Consultation Papers and Reports

Canada:

Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, Privity of Contract (Third Party Rights), Discussion Paper (Halifax: Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, 2004).

Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, Privity of Contract (Third Party Rights), Final Report (Halifax: Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia, 2004).

Manitoba Law Reform Commission, Privity of Contract, Report No. 80 (Winnipeg: Manitoba Law Reform Commission, 1993).

Ontario Law Reform Commission, Report on Amendment of the Law of Contract (Toronto: Ministry of the Attorney General, 1987).

Uniform Law Conference of Canada, Civil Section Proceedings- Resolution 15. Privity of Contract (Resolutions)(Charlottetown: Uniform Law Conference of Canada, 2007).

Uniform Law Conference of Canada, Privity of Contract and Third Party Beneficiaries by M. Lavelle, (Charlottetown: Uniform Law Conference of Canada, Civil Section, 2007), online: Uniform Law Conference of Canada <http://www.ulcc.ca/en/poam2/Privity_of_Contract_and_Third_Party_Beneficiaries_En.pdf>.

Other Jurisdictions:

Attorney General’s Chambers, Law and Revision Division, The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Bill 2001 (Singapore: Attorney-General’s Chambers, 2001).

Law Commission for England and Wales, Privity of Contract: Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties, Consultation Paper No.121 (London: HMSO, 1991).

Law Commission for England and Wales, Privity of Contract: Contracts for the Benefit of Third Parties, Report No. 242, Cmnd. 3329 (London: HMSO, 1996).

Law Reform Commission of Hong Kong Privity of Contract Subcommittee, Privity of Contract, Consultation Paper (Waichai: The Commission, 2004).

Law Reform Commission (of Ireland), Privity of Contract: Third Party Rights, Consultation Paper, LRC CP40-2006 (Dublin: Law Reform Commission, 2006).

Law Reform Commission (of Ireland), Privity of Contract and Third Party Rights, Final Report, LRC88-2008 (Ireland: Law Reform Commission, 2008).

New Zealand Law Commission, Contract Statutes Review, Report No. 25 (Wellington: New Zealand Law Commission, 1993).

UNIDROIT, Working Groups for the Preparation of Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Third Party Rights, Study L- Doc. 83 (Rome: Unidroit, 2003).

Next Annual Meeting

2018 Conference (Centennial)

Delta Hotel

Québec City, QC

August 12 - 16, 2018