Current Uniform Acts
- Assisted Human Reproduction Working Group Report 2009
- I. What is the environment in which we need to understand and discuss child/parental status legal issues?
- A. Increasing Use of AHR as Method for Establishing Families
- B. Increasing Legal Uncertainty and Challenges
- II. Background to the Development of this Report
- III. Defining the Policy Issues
- B. Best Interests of the Child
- C. Guiding Principles
- D. Evolving Law
- IV. The Recommended Approach
- V. Existing legislation that may be affected by decisions on policy issues related to parentage
- VI. Summary of Draft Uniform Act
- All Pages
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I. What is the environment in which we need to understand and discuss child/parental status legal issues?
 Assisted human reproductive [AHR] technology has created new opportunities for parenthood for opposite sex couples with fertility problems through donated gametes, implantation of embryos, and by allowing a woman who cannot bring a baby to term to have a gestational mother bring the child to term.
 While the majority of those accessing assisted human reproductive processes are in opposite-sex relationships, it is noteworthy that these new reproduction options have also provided opportunities for same-sex couples or single persons to have children.
 There are many issues that arise when considering AHR:
- how to establish parent/child status;
- how to regulate the use of
AHRto promote the interests of potential parents and of children;
- how to deal with birth registry to recognize use of AHR;
- how to deal with international standards to avoid unsafe, unethical practices that have safety risks for potential parents and children, including the use of genetic material that is not adequately screened for health risks; and
- how to provide for adequate training of donors for health or social history reasons.